Royal Palace of Caserta: the palace
Everyone knows that royalty are sometimes capricious children. Charles of Bourbon, for example, in about 1750 decided that the time had come to have a palace that did not disfigure in front of that of Versailles and the royal palace of Madrid - where he had grown up. From this desire to show the world its power comes the magnificent project by Luigi Vanvitelli, today the largest royal palace (by extension and volume) in the world. The building itself consists of five floors which extend over approximately 47000 mІ. The prospective work of the project is impressive: the entire optical tension concerns the waterfall in the garden, the vanishing point and focal center of the entire complex. The approximately 1200 rooms are illuminated by 245 windows and connected to each other by approximately 56 stairs: a Baroque masterpiece.
Royal Palace of Caserta: Italian garden
The garden designed by Vanvitelli for the royal residence of Caserta is imposing and elegant. It covers 120 hectares of surface and is divided mainly into two parts: the Italian garden and the English garden. These two botanical sections are connected to each other by a series of splendid mythological themed fountains: the most famous are certainly those which reproduce the events of Diana and Actaeon (dominated by the famous waterfall) and of Venus and Adonis. Numerous fish live in the bodies of water - especially carp and carassids - and interesting species of aquatic plants grow. The Italian garden - in the northern part - is made up of the Peschiera Grande, an artificial body of water in which naval battles were organized: the pavilion of the sovereign's games.