How to make the lawn of your dreams(sowing)
Many people mistakenly believe that to create a beautiful garden it is necessary to have a wealth of technical and specific knowledge equal to that of an agronomist; in reality it is enough to follow a series of simple rules and have a lot of passion, and some free time, to get good results.
Let's see what are the factors to consider when building a beautiful lawn.
First of all we must choose carefully, when possible, the area to be used for the creation of our garden, a choice that must be made with great care by following a few simple parameters:
· It is first of all important to evaluate the degree of brightness of the chosen area (sunny or in shade) to choose the most suitable seed.
· It is good to choose a flat surface or, in the case of ornamental lawn, a slightly wavy surface.
· If possible, choose a terrain with southern or southwest exposure.
· Make sure the ground is deep enough (at least 60 cm.).
· Look for an area with a generally neutral pH and a good supply of organic matter.
· If possible, choose a soil with fine texture and non-compact structure.
· Finally, remember that a slight excess of sandy parts is preferable to a very high content of clay parts, which make the soil unsuitable for welcoming a turf.
Evaluating the climate and brightness to which our future lawn will be exposed during the year is important in order to be able to better evaluate the most correct type of seed to use (resistant to excessive sun, suitable for shaded areas, for recreational areas etc.).
It will then be necessary to know the characteristics of the soil (for example through an analysis of the soil) in order to identify its chemical and physical characteristics. Among the physical requirements it is good to keep in mind the fact that the land intended for the creation of a turf must be fertile and at least 30/40 cm deep in order to allow the roots to expand properly and to be able to easily absorb water and the nourishment necessary for the development of the essences. It is good to remember that in clayey and excessively waterproof soils it may be useful to add organic material and sand in order to improve its permeability and aeration. On the contrary, in the case of too soft and permeable soils, it may be necessary to add peat and clayey material to increase its plasticity and water retention.
The most important chemical requirement to evaluate is undoubtedly the pH of the soil, that is, the degree of acidity or alkalinity it presents. The pH should be neutral, with a value therefore equal to 7, or slightly acidic, with values between 5.5 and 6.5, it is however possible to correct the characteristics of the soil to bring them as close as possible to the optimal ones.
A too acidic soil can in fact be corrected by burying substances of calcareous origin (calcium or magnesium carbonate), on the contrary, in the case of too alkaline soil, it will be necessary to make acidifying substances such as sulphates (gypsum or calcium sulphate).
Another important aspect to consider when designing our turf is the use it will be used for; a lawn for recreational use, which will be frequently exposed to trampling, must in fact have characteristics of resistance and elasticity not required for a lawn whose main function will be the aesthetic one, which must instead have a particular quality of the coat such as to appear dense, soft and intense green color.
Once all the characteristics highlighted up to this point have been analyzed in detail, the necessary operations can be carried out to prepare the ground for receiving the seeds.
Once the most suitable area for our purpose has been identified, the first thing to do will be to proceed with a surface cleaning operation in order to eliminate all the coarse material (stones, stones, debris, etc.) that could hinder future processing, and then continue, if there are weeds, with the administration of a total herbicide and, where necessary, with manual grubbing up.
Lawn Maintenance: Sowing
If the ground is covered with bushes or trees, in addition to the aerial part, even the root systems must be eliminated.
Once this operation has been carried out, it will be possible to proceed with the tillage operations of the soil, working it at a depth normally not exceeding 60 cm., Leaving the soil thus worked exposed to the action of atmospheric agents for the entire duration of the winter.
Once the soil has been tilled, it may be necessary to proceed with a new cleaning operation of those stones or debris that may have surfaced on the surface.
The next step towards the creation of our lawn consists in the realization of the drainage system; drainage is a technique thanks to which it is possible to drain excess water, preventing stagnation from occurring, in order to avoid negative situations such as insufficient aeration, an increase in the specific heat of the soil, the scarce availability of oxygen for the essences sown or creating an environment conducive to bacteria, parasites and fungi.
Drainages can be divided essentially into two categories:
1. Underground: to be carried out when the soil's infiltration capacity does not guarantee sufficient natural drainage.
2. Surfaces: they must be foreseen in the construction phase of the turf and allow the outflow of water by surface flow.
At this point all that remains is to level the ground, using the rake or special machines, to give it the desired shape to create those slight slopes that will be necessary to facilitate the draining of the water.
Our so worked soil is now finally ready to welcome the essences we want to sow: before starting sowing, it is advisable to carefully choose the type of seed according to the climate and the intended use, let us remember that the right choice essence to sow will decree in large percentage the success or failure of the construction of our lawn.
The seeds to be used are essentially divided into two categories:
1. Microthermic species: with optimal radical activity at temperatures between 10 ° and 18 ° C. and good activity up to 24 ° C.
2. Macrothermal species: they reach the optimal radical development at temperatures between 24 ° and 32 ° C. Compared to the previous ones they have a greater resistance to high temperatures and a lower resistance to low temperatures, have a slower growth, are more subject to insect attacks and turn yellow in winter.
In our climates the best time for sowing is between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn for microthermal essences, while for macrothermal essences, the most suitable period is undoubtedly the end of spring. It is also important that sowing is carried out in the best possible climatic conditions, a condition that facilitates rapid development of the lawn, greater ability to overcome adverse climatic conditions as well as greater resistance to the establishment of weeds and the appearance of mosses.
Finally, it is essential to remember that to allow seed germination it is necessary that the soil temperature is at least a few degrees above zero, a control that can be easily implemented through the use of thermometers with soil probes.
At this point we can finally sow, using two main techniques: manual sowing, called "broadcaster", or sowing by means of special machinery (especially useful for large areas).
Let's see in detail the sowing broadcaster, which is undoubtedly the common in the hobby field: first of all it is important to operate on a non-windy day and in conditions of completely dry soil, the act of sowing must be performed with movements of the wide arms and slow, trying not to leave empty spaces on the ground. To perform a particularly careful job it would be good to mix the seeds with a little sand, to make the distribution more uniform, and spread them half in one direction and the other half in the exactly perpendicular direction.
At the end of the sowing operations, a series of terminal operations must be carried out in order to put the essences in the best conditions to facilitate germination:
Seed burying, to be carried out by hand or with special tools
Ground cover with fine material (e.g. sand)
· Light rolling to bring the seed closer to the ground and ensure faster and more uniform rooting
· Light and frequent watering to be carried out until the grass emerges completely
· In case of sowing completed in a not optimal period, it may be useful to add mulch to protect the essences from sudden temperature changes.
Following these simple rules it will not be difficult to obtain a lawn that comes very close to the idea of the lawn of your dreams!
To help you build your lawn, CIFO has developed the specific line of GRANPRATO seeds, where you can find the most suitable type of seed for the characteristics of your soil.
The four types of seeds are of certified quality and are characterized by high yield, minimum maintenance and resistance to foot traffic.
If the soil is particularly exposed to the intensity of the sun's rays, the CALDOSOLE seed must be used, particularly suitable for lawns in sunny areas; for lawns in shady areas it is instead advisable to use FRESCOMBRA seeds.
The FORTEBELLO seed mixture is also available, the main characteristic of which is that it is particularly resistant to trampling, thus making your lawn suitable for sports or recreational use.
Finally, the PRESTOVERDE seed is very suitable for the restoration of damaged lawn areas, because thanks to the content of fast-growing essences, it will allow you to quickly recreate a uniform turf.
All four GRANPRATO seeds are of Italian origin and ENSE certified quality.