Characteristics of the Aspromonte park
The Aspromonte National Park is so called because of the presence of the magnificent Aspromonte Massif which has the meaning of white as it dates back to the ancient Greek populations that lived on the Ionian coast and who admired its white mountain formations. The highest peak of the Massif is around 1955 meters high and offers its visitors a wonderful panorama of the Calabrian and Sicilian coasts. The territory of the Aspromonte park is rich in a great variety of both plant and animal species and, enjoying particular climatic conditions, an environment rich in biodiversity is favored. The entire area of the Aspromonte Park territory covers about 65,647.46 hectares and has 37 municipalities within the province of Reggio Calabria. In the Park there is a Regional Observatory, a tool that allows to deepen and to spread to the public the knowledge of the Biodiversities present in the Park both as regards flora, fauna and also of habitats and ecosystems existing in Calabria.
The existing Flora in the Aspromonte Park
The territory of the park has its own particular and jagged morphology: covering a territory that goes from the Tyrrhenian coast to the Ionian coast, it is rich in many plant species and creates a great biodiversity, thanks above all to the favorable climatic conditions. The park, having numerous waterways, is rich in tamarisks and oleanders. Along the rivers you can admire the black poplar, the black alder and the willow. At low altitude we find the Mediterranean maquis with gorse, holm oaks, myrtle, strawberry trees and others. You can admire splendid holm oak forests or, if you go up in altitude, you will come across centuries-old chestnut trees and firs. White spruce, a majestic and slender tree, is widespread in Aspromonte. In areas with abundant rainfall there are beech forests, while on the Tyrrhenian side we find the Laricio pine characteristic, in spectacular woods, high and with a narrow crown. On the Ionian side, bergamot is cultivated and up to 800 meters there are the oaks, sought after for precious wood. A small oak, the downy oak, is widespread. There is also tropical fern protected by thick vegetation.