The characteristics of the coriander plant
Coriander is a plant that never exceeds the height of 60 or 70 centimeters. It has the taproot root, the smooth and erect stem and the leaves that are very fragrant and different according to the position they have in the plant: the leaves that are placed at the bottom have a long petiole, are almost whole or are divided into three leaflets with light teeth; those of the upper part of the plant are instead bi or tripennatosette and are not indented. The flowers of the coriander plant they appear towards the beginning of the summer season and are of a beautiful pink and white color, gathered in beautiful umbrella-shaped inflorescences. The fruits of coriander plant they have small dimensions and are reminiscent of a sphere, commonly called seed, which has a yellowish color and is rich in evident grooves: this is the spice that we all know.
Cultivation of the coriander plant
The cultivation technique of the coriander plant is quite simple because it does not require particular needs for growth: it develops without problems everywhere, always in regions with a temperate climate. The time of sowing of coriander can vary according to the cultivation area and its climate. Coriander is sown towards the beginning of the spring season if we are in an area with a temperate climate, while it is sown in late spring if we are in areas with a cold climate. In both cases it is advisable to sow coriander in sunny areas, using soils that are loose, draining and at about 2 centimeters deep. If the coriander is planted in a field it must be sown on rows that are 50 or 60 centimeters apart; along each row the distance must instead be about 20 centimeters. The coriander plant begins its flowering from late spring; from July to September the plant is uprooted to reap the benefits. Since fresh coriander plants give off a strong smell that is not very pleasant, it is advisable to plant them away from the house or in transit areas.