Fat plants

Mammillaria

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General features

this genus of succulents is one of the most numerous, and brings together several hundred species, which are native to Mexico and the southwestern United States. The species differ greatly in shape: there are, in fact, species with a cylindrical trunk, others with a globular trunk, and still others can be gathered in very thick groups.

Plants are made up of a multitude of tubercles where thorns are located on the apex. Generally the flowers develop between two tubercles and are arranged in a crown on the tip of the plant. Mammillaria plants flourish from the first years of life and produce fruits that remain on the plant for a long time.


Exposure

this type of plants does not require much care, and therefore the cultivation is quite simple. The sunny exposure is the optimal one, being careful in the summer not to expose it to the sun in the hottest hours of the day.

Irrigation must be not too frequent and must be suspended in the winter.

In the winter period plants need a rest period with a constant temperature of 12-14 degrees. This essence also bears lower temperatures, but not below 6 degrees. Fertilization must be carried out only in the spring period, with phosphorus-based fertilizers. Mammillaria can be infested with mealybugs and mites. For this reason it is advisable to make a preventive treatment once a year.

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